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### Even Fantasy Needs a Little Science: (Even Magic Needs Rules)

##### By: Tedd Roberts

Description: The artice explains why 'realistic science' should be applied to an extent to fantasy novels and films to make it appealing to readers and viewers.

Excerpt: Perhaps the most obvious application of Magic as Technology is in Rick Cook's Wiz Biz books in which the most powerful wizard of our world, is pulled through to magical realm to assist in a war of good versus evil. Instead of a wizard, they get master hacker Wiz Zumwalt, who quickly figures out that spells are a lot like computer programs. He and a few friends construct a spell compiler and they are off and running creating and using spells pretty much the same ...

### Why Science is Never Settled

##### By: Tedd Roberts

Description: This article goes into detail about why science is a constant never ending process in discovering new things in many different areas.

Excerpt: Science is a process, not a conclusion -– you'll read that quite often in this article and in my other writing. I think that the exact wording is original to me, but it may have already escaped my control and entered the 'net at large, given that I use it quite often. I have a small plaque in my academic office which states: Research is the process of going up alleys to see if they are blind. [I may have to use that in a title someday.] My graduate research ment...

### Science and Society in the Citizen Series

Description: In this article John Lambshead explains the direct cause and effect of certain scientific studies and how its impacted civilization through the dyears.

Excerpt: Suspiciously, something else very special happened about seventy thousand years ago; the Toba Event. A super-volcano under Lake Toba in Sumatra let rip, causing global cooling and weather instability. Human beings came perilously close to extinction. We were reduced to somewhere between one thousand to ten thousand breeding pairs and this is seared into our genetics. We are the result of what is known as genetic bottlenecking, which is why the human genome is so...

### Agulhas Ring Injection Into the South Atlantic During Glacials and...

##### By: D. Nof; V. Zharkov

Description: Geophysical Fluid Dynamics institute, Florida State University, USA. Recent proxies suggest that, at the end of the last glacial, there was a significant increase in the injection of Agulhas rings into the South Atlantic (SA). This brought about a dramatic increase in the salt-influx (from the Indian Ocean) into the SA helping re-start the then-collapsed meridional overturning cell (MOC), leading to the termination of the Younger Dryas (YD). Here, we pr...

Andrews, J. C. and Scully-Power, P.: The structure of an East Australian Current anticyclonic eddy, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 6, 756–765, 1976.; Arruda, W. Z., Nof, D., and O'Brien, J. J.: Does the Ulleung eddy owe its existence to \textit$\beta$ and nonlinearities?, Deep-Sea Res., 51, 2073–2090, 2004.; Bard, E.: Climate shock: abrupt changes over millennial time scales, Phys. Today, 55, 32–38, 2002.; Berger, W. H. and Wefer, G.: Expeditions into the past: paleoceanographic s...

### Dynamically Constrained Ensemble Perturbations – Application to Ti...

##### By: R. H. Weisberg; A. Alvera-azcárate; F. Lenartz; J.-m. Beckers; A. Barth; M. Rixen; L. Vandenbulcke

Description: GeoHydrodynamics and Environment Research (GHER), MARE, Allée du 6-Août 17, University of Liège Sart-Tilman B5 4000 Liège, Belgium. A method is presented to create an ensemble of perturbations that satisfies linear dynamical constraints. A cost function is formulated defining the probability of each perturbation. It is shown that the perturbations created with this approach take the land-sea mask into account in a similar way as variational analysis tech...

Alvera-Azcárate, A., Barth, A., Beckers, J., and Weisberg, R H.: Multivariate reconstruction of missing data in sea surface temperature, chlorophyll and wind satellite field, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C03008, \doi10.1029/2006JC003660, 2007.; Arakawa, A. and Lamb, V.: A potential enstrophy and energy conserving scheme for the shallow water equations, Mon. Weather Rev., 109, 18–36, 1981.; Barth, A., Alvera-Azcárate, A., Beckers, J.-M., Rixen, M., and Vandenbulcke, L.: Multigr...

### Museum Bulletin

##### By: New York State Museum

Description: Title from cover

### A Comparison Between Vertical Motions Measured by Adcp and Inferre...

##### By: H. Van Haren

Description: Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), P.O. Box 59, 1790 AB Den Burg, The Netherlands. Combined vertical current (w) and thermistor string data demonstrate that high-, near-buoyancy frequency internal wave trains along a pycnocline in a flat-bottom shelf sea consist for 2 periods of a dominant mode-1 non-linear part, while thereafter mainly of linear [mode-2, quadrupled frequency] waves, to first order. In a simple [linear] heat budget the ...

Amen, R. and Maxworthy, T.: The gravitational collapse of a mixed region into a linearly stratified fluid, J. Fluid Mech., 96, 65–80, 1980.; Davis, R. E. and Acrivos, A.: Solitary internal waves in deep water, J. Fluid Mech., 29, 593–607, 1967.; Hallock, Z. R. and Field, R. L.: Internal-wave energy fluxes on the New Jersey Shelf, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35, 3–12, 2005.; Helfrich, K. R.: Internal solitary wave breaking and run-up on a uniform slope, J. Fluid Mech., 243, 133–1...

### Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of South Austral...

##### By: Royal Society of South Australia

Description: Vol. 25 (1901)-44 (1920). 1 v. Vols. 45 (1921)-91 (1967). 1 v. (Includes index to the journal under its later title)

### Mixing, Heat Fluxes and Heat Content Evolution of the Arctic Ocean...

##### By: A. Sirevaag; M. Tjernström; M. G. McPhee; I. Fer; M. Nicolaus; S. De La Rosa

Description: Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway. A comprehensive measurement program was conducted during 16 days of a 3 week long ice pack drift, from 15 August to 1 September 2008 in the Central Amundsen Basin, Arctic Ocean. The data, sampled as part of the Arctic Summer Cloud Ocean Study (ASCOS), included upper ocean stratification, mixing and heat transfer as well as transmittance o...

Aagaard, K., Coachman, L. K., and Carmack, E.: On the halocline of the Arctic Ocean, Deep-Sea Res Pt. I, 28, 529, 1981.; Comiso, J. C.: Warming trends in the Arctic from clear sky satellite observations, J. Climate, 16, 3498–3510, 2003.; Alkire, M. B., Falkner, K. K., Rigor, I., Steele, M., and Morison, J.: The return of Pacific waters to the upper layers of the Central Arctic Ocean, Deep-Sea Res Pt. I, 54, 1509–1529, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2007.06.004, 2007.; Comiso, J. C.,...

### The Historical Pathway Towards More Accurate Homogenisation : Volu...

##### By: O. Mestre; I. Auer; M. Brunetti; P. Domonkos; V. Venema

Description: Center for Climate Change, Univ. Rovira i Virgili, Campus Terres de l'Ebre, Tortosa, Spain. In recent years increasing effort has been devoted to objectively evaluate the efficiency of homogenisation methods for climate data; an important effort was the blind benchmarking performed in the COST Action HOME (ES0601). The statistical characteristics of the examined series have significant impact on the measured efficiencies, thus it is difficult to obtain ...

Aguilar, E., Auer, I., Brunet, M., Peterson, T. C., and Wieringa, J.: WMO Guidelines on climate metadata and homogenization, WCDMP-No. 53, WMO-TD No 1186, WMO, Geneva, 2003.; Alexandersson, H.: A homogeneity test applied to precipitation data, J. Climatol., 6, 661–675, doi:10.1002/joc.3370060607, 1986.; Alexandersson, H. and Moberg, A.: Homogenization of Swedish temperature data. Part I: Homogeneity test for linear tre...

### The Philippine Journal of Science

##### By: Philippines. National Science Development Board

Description: Vol.1 (1906) issued in one section; Vols. 2-4 (1907-09) in 3 sections; Section A. General science; Section B. Medical sciences; Section C. Botany; Vols. 5-13 (1910-1918) in 4 sections; Section A. Chemical and geological sciences and the industries; Section B. Tropical medicine (varies slightly) (called Medical sciences, v. 5-6); Section C. Botany; Section D. General biology, ethnology and anthropology (varies slightly)

### Bergens Museums Skrifter

##### By: Bergens Museum

Description: Publication suspended 1944-1947

### Towards Closure of Regional Heat Budgets in the North Atlantic Usi...

##### By: S. A. Josey; R. E. Hadfield; N. C. Wells

Description: National Oceanography Centre, European Way, Southampton, SO14 3ZH, UK. The upper ocean heat budget (0–300 m) of the North Atlantic from 20°–60° N is investigated using data from Argo profiling floats for 1999–2005 and the NCEP/NCAR and NOC surface flux datasets. Estimates of the different terms in the budget (heat storage, advection, diffusion and surface exchange) are obtained using the methodology developed by Hadfield et al. (2007). The method inclu...

Alderson, S. G. and Killworth, P. D.: a preoperational scheme for calculating sea surface height by Bernoulli inverse of Argo float data in the North Atlantic, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 22(9), 1416–1422, 2005.; Böhme, L. and Send, U.: Objective analyses of hydrographic data for referencing profiling float salinities in highly variable environments, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 52(3–4), 651–664, 2005.; Cunningham, S. A.: Circulation and volume flux of the North Atlantic using syno...

### Exceptional Dense Water Formation on the Adriatic Shelf in the Win...

##### By: N. Bubić; C. Comici; D. Viličić; H. Mihanović; Z. Ljubešić; I. Vilibić; A. Bergamasco; A. Boldrin; M. Tudor; S. Carniel; A. Russo; F. Raicich; V. Malačič; M. Celio

Description: Hydrographic Institute of the Republic of Croatia, Split, Croatia. In this paper we document dense water formation throughout the Adriatic shelf and coastal area in January/February 2012, resulting in record-breaking densities observed during and after the event. The unprecedented dense water generation was preconditioned by a dry and warm year which resulted in a significant reduction of coastal freshwaters, superimposed on a long-term basin-wide salin...

Allen, S. E. and Durrieu de Madron, X.: A review of the role of submarine canyons in deep-ocean exchange with the shelf, Ocean Sci., 5, 607–650, 2009.; Artegiani, A. and Salusti, E.: Field observation of the flow of dense water on the bottom of the Adriatic Sea during the winter of 1981, Oceanol. Acta, 10, 387–391, 1987.; Artegiani, A., Bregant, D., Paschini, E., Pinardi, N., Raicich, F., and Russo, A.: The Adriatic Sea general circulation. Part I: air-sea interactions a...

### Implementation of Position Assimilation for Argo Floats in a Reali...

##### By: V. Taillandier; A. Griffa

Description: CNR-ISMAR, La Spezia, Italy. In this paper, a Lagrangian assimilation method is presented and implemented in a realistic OPA OGCM with the goal of providing an assessment of the assimilation of realistic Argo float position data. We focus on an application in the Mediterranean Sea, where in the framework of the MFSTEP project an array of Argo floats have been deployed with parking depth at 350 m and sampling interval of 5 days. In order to quantitativel...

Béranger, K., Mortier, L., and Crépon, M.: Seasonal variability of transports through the Gibraltar, Sicily and Corsica straits from a high resolution Mediterranean model, Prog. Oceanogr., 66, 341–364, 2005.; Gilbert, J.-C. and Lemaréchal, C.: Some numerical experiments with variable-storage quasi-Newton algorithms, Math. Program., 45, 407–435, 1989.; Ide, K., Kuznetsov, L., and Jones, C. K. R. T.: Lagrangian data assimilation for point vortex systems, J Turbul., 3, 53–5...

### Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science

##### By: Kentucky Academy of Science

Description: Some issues also carry number of meeting

### Comparing Historical and Modern Methods of Sea Surface Temperature...

##### By: J. B. R. Matthews; J. B. Matthews

Description: School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada. Discrepancies between historical sea surface temperature (SST) datasets have been partly ascribed to use of different adjustments to account for variable measurement methods. Until recently, adjustments had only been applied to bucket temperatures from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with the aim of correcting their supposed coolness relative to engine cooling water...

Brooks, C. F.: Observing Water-Surface Temperatures at Sea, Mon. Wea. Rev., 54, 241–253, 2.0.CO;2>doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1926)54<241:OWTAS>2.0.CO;2, 1926.; Brooks, C. F.: Reliability of different methods of taking sea-surface temperatures, J. Washington Acad. Sci., 18, 525–545, 1928.; Delcroix, T., Alory, G., Diverres, D., Gouriou, Y., Jacquin, S., Maes, C., Morrow, R., Reverdin, G., Téchiné, P., Varillon, ...

### Evaluation of Wet Troposphere Path Delays from Atmospheric Reanaly...

##### By: M. Ablain; S. Thao; J.-f. Legeais

Description: Collecte Localisation Satellites, Parc Technologique du canal, 8–10 rue Hermès, 31520 Ramonville Saint-Agne, France. The assessment of long-term errors in altimeter sea level measurements is essential for studies related to the mean sea level (MSL) evolution. One of the main contributors to the long-term sea level uncertainties is the correction of the altimeter range from the wet troposphere path delay, which is provided by onboard microwave radio...

AVISO: TOPEX/Poseidon validation activities, 13 years of T/P data (GDR-Ms), CLS.DOS/NT/05.240. SALP-RP-MA-EA-21315-CLS, available at: www.aviso.altimetry.fr/fileadmin/documents/calval/validation_report/TP/annual_report_tp_2005.pdf (last access: 20 March 2014), 2006.; AVISO 2013: SSALTO/DUACS User Handbook: (M)SLA and (M)ADT Near-Real Time and Delayed ...

### New York State Museum Bulletin

##### By: New York State Museum

Description: Title from cover

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