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Overview of the World Banks Experience in Urban Projects with Community Participation

By The World Bank

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Book Id: WPLBN0000148029
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.3 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Overview of the World Banks Experience in Urban Projects with Community Participation  
Author: The World Bank
Language: English
Subject: Economics, Finance & business, World Bank.
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: The World Bank


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Bank, T. W. (n.d.). Overview of the World Banks Experience in Urban Projects with Community Participation. Retrieved from


Introduction: Community Participation (CP), as an operational approach, has long been introduced into the Bank?s urban projects. Over the past 30 years or so, the Bank?s urban projects have increasingly used CP approaches that give communities control over decisions and resources. However, there is still a lack of sound statistics and analysis that can provide an overall image of the Bank?s efforts in this area. To better understand how to enhance the effectiveness of CP in urban projects, this study provides a preliminary analysis of the World Bank?s experience with the CP approach in urban projects. Based on a brief review of project documents and in-depth interviews with selected task managers, the following questions are addressed: How many urban projects which applied the CP approach have been implemented in the past? What were the major objectives, approaches and outcomes of CP in urban development projects? What lessons do they offer? What are their implications for policies and operations of the Bank?s urban sector? Analytical Framework: In this study, we propose to use Samuel Paul?s model (1987) that treats CP as an ?active process? by which beneficiary groups (the people whom the project is expected to affect) influence the direction and execution of an urban development project with a view to enhancing their own well being in terms of income, personal growth, self reliance or other values they cherish. Though this is a limited concept of community participation, it highlights four important aspects. The first is that the context of participation in this overview is only the urban development projects /programs, not rural ones. Second, the focus of this study is the participation of beneficiaries whom the project is expected to affect directly, and not that of other people or groups who are also involved in the project. Third, the joint or collaborative involvement of beneficiaries in groups is essential to CP. The fourth is the nature of CP as a process that helps to sustain the benefits of the project in the absence of external aids.


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