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The Wind-driven Overturning Circulation of the World Ocean : Volume 2, Issue 5 (25/11/2005)

By Döös, K.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004020920
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 33
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: The Wind-driven Overturning Circulation of the World Ocean : Volume 2, Issue 5 (25/11/2005)  
Author: Döös, K.
Volume: Vol. 2, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Döös, K. (2005). The Wind-driven Overturning Circulation of the World Ocean : Volume 2, Issue 5 (25/11/2005). Retrieved from

Description: Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden. The wind driven aspects of the meridional overturning circulation of the world ocean and the Conveyor Belt is studied making use of a simple analytical model. The model consists of three reduced gravity layers with an inviscid Sverdrupian interior and a western boundary layer. The net north-south exchange is made possible by setting appropriate western boundary conditions, so that most of the transport is confined to the western boundary layer, while the interior is the Sverdrupian solution to the wind stress. The flow across the equator is made possible by the change of potential vorticity by the Rayleigh friction in the western boundary layer, which is sufficient to permit water and the Conveyor Belt to cross the equator. The cross-equatorial flow is driven by a weak meridional pressure gradient in opposite direction in the two layers on the equator at the western boundary.

The model is applied to the World Ocean with a realistic wind stress. The amplitude of the Conveyor Belt is set by the northward Ekman transport in the Southern Ocean and the outcropping latitude of the NADW. It is in this way possible to set the amount of NADW that is pumped up from the deep ocean and driven northward by the wind and converted in the surface layer into less dense water by choosing the outcropping latitude and the depth of the layers at the western boundary. The model has proved to be able to simulate many of the key features of the Conveyor Belt and the meridional overturning cells of the World Ocean. This despite that there is no deep ocan mixing and that the water mass conversions in the this model are made at the surface.

The wind-driven overturning circulation of the World Ocean


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